Joseph Nicholson, Jr. (28 Sep 1733 Kent Co., MD - 22 Sep 1786 Queen Anne's Co., MD)

From: "A Biographical Dictionary of the Maryland Legislature, 1635-1789" by Edward C. Papenfuse et al., The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.

Wife: Married on July 28, 1757, Elizabeth Hopper (1739-1806), sister of Mary Hopper,  second wife of his father, Joseph Nicholson.

Education: Joseph Nicholson, Jr., was a lawyer who probably studied law in Annapolis during the mid-1750s. 

Religion: He was a member of the Anglican Church and held a pew in Chestertown Parish Church, Kent County, in 1772.

Social Status and Activities: Gentleman by 1770; Esq. By 1776.
Occupational Profile: Lawyer, admitted to the following courts: Mayor's Court, Annapolis, January 1755; Queen Anne's County, November 1755; Cecil County, by March 1757; Kent County, by November, 1757.

Public Career: Legislative Service: Conventions, Kent County, 1st, 1774, 4th, 1775, 5th, 1755; Senate, Eastern Shore, Term of 1776-1781; 1777, 1777-1778, 1778-1779, 1779-1780 (did not attend), 1780-1781.  Other State Offices: Councils of Safety, Eastern Shore, 4th, 1776, 5th, 1776-1777.  Local Offices: Sheriff, Queen Anne's County, 1760-1763; Clerk of Indictments, Cecil County, in office November, 1769; Committee of Correspondence, Queen Anne's County, 1774.  Out of State Service: Delegate, Continental Congress, 1777 (elected in December 1777, but did not attend; resigned on December 22, 1777)

Wealth During Lifetime: Personal Property: assessed value 1,045.0.0, including 15 slaves and 197 oz. Plate, 1783.  Land at first election: 95 acres in Kent County and one-half of a lot with house in Chestertown, plus about 275 acres in Queen Anne's County owned jointly with his wife (lot and land in Kent County by purchase and patent, land in Queen Anne's County through his wife as part of inheritance from her grandfather, William Sweatnam). Significant changes in land between first election and death: In further divisions of the Sweatnam land in 1779, Joseph and Elizabeth received title to an additional 290 acres in Queen Anne's County and a one-third interest in 10 additional acres in that county on which there was a grist mill.  The grist mill was to be rebuilt and the profits shared equally among Joseph and Elizabeth, Joseph Nicholson, Sr., and wife Mary, and William Charles Neil.  Joseph deeded his interest in all Queen Anne's County land (except the mill land) to his wife in 1781.  Wealth at death: Will probated on November 11, 1786, in Queen Anne's County. At least 1,375.4.6 current money (including 20 slaves, 3 servants, a spinnet, 238 oz. Silver, 54 law titles valued at 41.4.0, and other books valued at 4.13.4.  94 acres and one-half of 1 lot in Chestertown, Kent County.
Miniature by Charles Wilson Peale
Mrs Joseph Nicholson (Elizabeth Hopper) 1739-1806 and granddaughter Elizabeth Nicholson Noel (Mrs.James Bosley) 1797-1851