William Nicholson (d. 1690 Berwick-upon-Tweed, England)

   
William Nicholson, the English ancestor of the Nicholson family of Anne Arundel County and the Eastern Shore of Maryland, was a gentleman of Berwick-upon-Tweed in the 17th Century.  He was buried at Durham, May 9, 1690, and his will was proved in the probate court of Durham in 1691.  His wife, Anne, was buried November 2, 1681.  It is of record that contrary to a provision of the burial act of England, she was buried in linen garments, and for this offense her husband was fined.  From his will and inventory at the time of his death (see link for transcripts of will and inventory), it is clear that William Nicholson was a wealthy man.  However, nothing is known about the source of his wealth.  William and Anne Nicholson had nine children, five of whom were daughters, Margaret, Eleanor, Mary, Anne, and Elizabeth.  One of their sons was Joseph Nicholson who lived only two years.  Three of their sons were successively named William Nicholson, two of them dying in infancy.  The third son, William Nicholson, was baptized at Berwick-upon-Tweed, February 22, 1665/66.  This William Nicholson (1665/66 - 1719) became the founder of the family in America.